Room Descriptions

Knight`s Hall

King George V of Hanover and his wife Queen Marie had Marienburg Castle built as a rural summer residence. The castle was a gift for the Queen‘s 39th birthday. It was built by the architects Conrad Wilhelm Hase and Edwin Oppler from 1858 to 1867. It was supposed to be a palace of the arts as well as unite the arts, but could never be fully completed, since the Kingdom of Hanover was annexed by Prussia in 1866 and the royal family had to leave the country.

The Knights‘ Hall is the largest room in the castle and was supposed to be used together with the adjoining dining room for festivities and representation purposes.
The interior of both halls was never completed due to the war in 1866.
A special construction feature are the windows of the porch on the south side, which could (and still can) be completely embedded into the floor.

Paintings

  1. George I, King of Great Britain, Elector of Hanover (1660-1727)
    (Studio Godfried Kneller)
    Beginning of the 123-year personal union between Hanover and Great Britain.
  2. Sophia Dorothea, Duchess of Hanover (1666-1727), Electoral Princess of Hanover, Spouse of George I, divorced in 1694, she lived in exile at Ahlden Castle until her death „Princess of Ahlden“.
  3. George II, King of Great Britain, Elector of Hanover (1683-1760) Son of George I. Founder of the Georg August University in Göttingen, that was named after him.
  4. Sophia Charlotte, Queen of Great Britain, Queen of Hanover (1744-1818)
    (Alan Ramsay) Spouse of George III, with whom she had fifteen children.
  5. George III, King of Great Britain, King of Hanover (1738-1820)
    (Studio Nathaniel Dance)
    Grandson of King George II, after the new formation of Hanover as a kingdom at the Vienna Congress in 1814, first king of Hanover.
  6. George IV, King of Great Britain, King of Hanover (1762-1830)
    (Studio Thomas Lawrence)
    Oldest son of George III. He died without leaving an heir to the throne, followed by his brother William.
  7. William IV, King of Great Britain, King of Hanover (1765-1837)
    (according to Thomas Lawrence)
    Due to different regulations regarding the succession to the throne of Great Britain
  8. Marie, Queen of Hanover (1818-1907) with her youngest daughter Marie (1849-1904)
    (Theodor Friedrich Wilhelm Kaulbach)
  9. Crown Prince, George of Hanover (1819 – 1878)
    (Franz Krüger)
    Later King George the V of Hanover, known as „the blind king“.
  10. Sophia, Elector of Hanover (1630-1714)
    Born Princess of the Palatine
    Granddaughter of King Jacob I. of England and Scotland (House Stuart).
  11. Ernest Augustus, King of Hanover (1771-1851)
    (Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Oesterley)
    5. Son of George III, becomes king of Hanover in 1837. Father of King George V. His equestrian monument in front of the train station in Hanover is well known.
  12. Anna Stuart, Queen of England, Ireland and Scotland (1665-1714)
    (Edmund Lilly)
    From 1707 Queen of Great Britain and Ireland.
  13. Sophia, Princess of the Palatine (1630-1714)
    From 1692 Elector of Hanover.
  14. Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover (1629 – 1698)
    From 1692 Elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg, known as Elector of Hanover.

Dining room

The dining room was intended for festive dinners, the daily family meals took place in a smaller dining room. Both rooms were quickly accessible from the kitchen in the basement.
The two tapestries date from the 17th century and were woven by Flemish masters. They show biblical motifs of the New Testament: left the book burning of Ephesus and right Paul in prison.

Paintings

  1. Sophia Dorothea, Queen consort in Prussia (1687-1757)
    Born Princess of Hanover
    Daughter of George I and Sophia Dorothea the elder, Spouse of Frederick William I of Prussia („Soldier King“), Mother of King Frederick II of Prussia.
  2. George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg-Calenberg (1582-1641)
    Father of Elector Ernest Augustus of Hanover.
  3. Ernest, Duke of Brunswick-Lünebug (1520-1546)
    Signed the Evangelical Creed („Ernest the Confessor“) at the Reichstag in Augsburg in 1530 and pushed the Reformation forward in his country.
  4. Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley (1545-1567)
    (Successor of Hans Eworth)
    The son of Mary and Henry Stuart was King Jacob VI of Scotland. Ascended the English throne as King Jacob I in 1603. He was the grandfather of Elector Sophia of Hanover.
  5. Mary Stuart, Queen of Scotland (1542-1567)
    (as per Daniel Mytens)

Salon of the Queen

The salon was given a particularly elaborate design because Queen Marie wanted to receive high-ranking guests here. Elaborate carvings and the fine woods of oak, maple and American walnut made the manufacture of the ceiling one of the most expensive in the castle.

The rose pattern on the walls of the three representative rooms was applied to paper wallpaper using stencils.
The marble busts on the fireplace show the two daughters of King George V and Queen Marie, Princess Mary (left) and Princess Frederica (right).

Paintings

  1. Joseph, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg (1789-1868)
    (Theodor Friedrich Wilhelm Kaulbach, 1861)
    Father of Queen Marie.
  2. Frederica, Queen of Hanover (1778-1841)
    born Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
    Mother of George V. F
    ounder of the „Friederikenstift“ hospital in Hanover, which was named after her.
  3. Mary, Crown Princess of Hanover (1818-1907)
  4. George, Crown Prince of Hanover (1819-1878)
    (both Joseph Karl Stieler, 1848)
  5. Ernest Augustus, King of Hanover (1771-1851)
    (Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Oesterley)
    Father of King George V.
  6. Elisabeth, Grand Duchess of Oldenburg (1826-1896)
    (Joseph Karl Stieler)
    Born Princess of Saxe-Altenburg. Sister of Queen Marie.

Living room of the Queen

The living room, together with the salon and the boudoir, form the representative rooms of Queen Marie. Unlike some others, these rooms could be completed as planned.
The ceiling is made of walnut, oak and maple wood. A reference to the owner was inserted around the mounting for the ceiling lamp. You can see a stylised „M“ with the crown attached.The ceilings and parquet floors were worked differently in each of the rooms. The queen chose rosewood furniture with bronze and porcelain decorations to furnish her representative rooms.

Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Kretschmar (1806-1897) painted the gouache pictures on the walls. They show part of the possessions (domains) of the Hanover royal family, others are in other rooms of the castle. There were more than 50 domains in total. With the income earned from the agriculture of these possessions, the royal family supported their royal household and financed the construction of Marienburg Castle.
The porcelain plates show cityscapes from the Kingdom of Hanover and the Duchy of Saxony-Altenburg, the home of Queen Marie.

Boudoir of the Queen

The boudoir was the Queen‘s small private living room. The ceiling and wall panelling were made of oak.
The calendar sheet on the calendar above the secretary shows July 23, 1867. It was the last day that Queen Marie spent at her castle. Then she followed King George V into exile in Austria. On the shelf are photos of the royal Hanoverian family and their Danish and Russian relatives.

Paintings

  1. George V, King of Hanover (1819-1878)
    (Conrad L`Allemand)
    Died during a stay in Paris in 1878 and was buried in England, in the crypt of Windsor Castle.
  2. Marie, Queen of Hanover (1818-1907)
    Died in exile in Austria and was buried in Gmunden am Traunsee. She never saw the castle again.
  3. Equestrian picture of King George V and Crown Prince Ernst August
    (Conrad L`Allemand)
    The king inspects his troops 1866.
  4. Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1845-1923)
    (J. Pitcher)
    Formerly Crown Prince of Hanover, son of George V. After the death of his father, he accepted his British title as Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale. Married to Princess Tyra of Denmark.
  5. King George V, Queen Marie and their children Ernest Augustus, Frederica and Marie
    These are black and white photographs that have been hand-coloured with watercolour paint.
  6. Joseph, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg (1789-1868)
    Father of Queen Marie.

The Queen`s Library

The mural of the umbrella vault was decorated with gold leaf. Natural colours were used, which were made from plants and minerals and whose luminosity has been preserved to this day.
The paintings in the library were badly damaged by storm damage in February 1867. When they were restoratively restored years later, they used more modern colours that faded and stained over time. The medallions on the ceiling show the portraits of German poets and thinkers from the Middle Ages.
The side shelves of the oak cabinets and all the details of the decoration were carved out of one piece of wood. The large table in the middle was a desk for reading and writing. Small carved wooden figures were placed on the tips all around. Unfortunately, they did not survive.

The fittings of the lower cabinet doors (long hinges) were elaborately made from wrought iron and not, as was usually the case, from cast iron. As a result, the manufacture of the fittings was ultimately the most expensive of the cabinets.

The busts on the bookcases are (starting to the right of the fireplace): Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832), Martin Luther (1438-1546), Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827), Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791), Christoph Willibald Gluck (1714-1787), Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (1809-1847), Friedrich Schiller (1759-1805) und Joseph Haydn (1732-1809).

Living room of the princesses

This and the following rooms (behind the glass panes) were intended for the princesses Frederica and Marie. It is a small living room, a study room and a salon. The ceilings in these rooms are made of painted fir wood and the panelling is oak.

The cabinet decorated with beadwork and mother-of-pearl inlays was a wedding gift from Hanoverian merchants to King George and Queen Marie in 1843.

Behind the glass pane: The study room of the princesses.

Paintings

  1. Frederica, Princess of Hanover (1848-1926)
  2. Marie, Princess of Hanover (1849-1904)
  3. Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover (1845-1923)
  4. Frederica, Princess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1778-1841)
    Later Queen of Hanover, Mother of George V.
  5. George, Prince of Cumberland (1819-1878)
    Later King George V of Hanover.
    The painting depicts George as a child of about four years before he went blind. Up until the beginning of the 20th century, it was common for boys up to the age of six to wear dresses and pink ribbons or bows, and girls to wear blue ones.

The Princess aisle

The design of the princess aisle is based on a cloister. The doors lead into the princess‘ rooms.
The built-in cupboards on the left wall are made of oak and were used to store bed and table linen.

The medallion pictures on the window side are painted on canvas and then embedded in the wall. It is the ancestor gallery of King George V: Elector Ernest Augustus, Duke George of Calenberg, William the Younger, Ernest the Confessor, Henry the Mild and Otto the Victorious.

Salon of the Princessess

The ceiling and wall paintings in the salon of the princesses are still original and the furniture made of walnut is completely preserved. The original parquet floor is no longer preserved. Amongst other things, this part of the castle was used to house refugees after the Second World War, the floor suffered badly and had to be removed.
This is also the reason why the following rooms, the bedrooms of the princesses and the governess, cannot be seen. Not only is the floor no longer preserved here, but the paintings on the ceiling and walls have been painted over with lime paint.

Spiral staircase

The self-supporting spiral staircase is a successful example of processing cast iron. It does not have to be supported from below. The screws on the wall do not have a load-bearing function for the stairs, they only aid in making the stairs stable.

If you look up, you can see that the stairs stop at the top without leading anywhere. Originally it was supposed to look out onto a viewing platform, but this was no longer completed.

Chinese room

These rooms, together with the adjacent small room, formed the Chinese rooms. There are some specific structural features in these two rooms: the ceilings were not made of wood, but of stucco, a kind of plaster that was then painted. The two cast-iron columns, which visually separate the rooms, were also only painted with a wood grain. The use of cast iron was considered progressive and was used in the castle for various components.

Paintings

  1. The battle at Langensalza
    (Georg von Boddien, 1866)
    Victorious battle for the Kingdom of Hanover in the war against Prussia 1866.
  2. Duke William of Brunswick parades his Hanoverian Guard Cuirassier Regiment in front of King Georg V
    (Hermann Tunica, 1859)
    The parade took place on the Nordstemmer Leinen meadow, at the foot of the Marienberg.
  3. Court hunt of Duke Ludwig Rudolf of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel in the Allroder Forest (Harz region)
  4. Frederick-William, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
    (1771-1815)
    Because of his preference for the black uniform of the Brunswick skull hussars, he was called the Black Duke. He died at Quatre Bras a day before the Battle of Waterloo.
  5. Marie, Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1782 – 1808)
    Wife of Duke Frederick-William

Entrance Hall

The entrance hall was meant to impress guests as soon as they enter the castle. The ceiling paintings of the 14-meter-high star vault were created by Leonhard Gey and were decorated with gold leaf. Allegories of the arts are shown: music, dance, architecture, painting, sculpture, drawing, theatre and poetry.
The vault is supported by eight polygonal sandstone pillars. The sandstone work above the door to the knight‘s hall shows the coat of arms of Hanover (left) and Saxony-Altenburg (right), the queen‘s home.

The floor consists of Mettlacher panels, developed by Villeroy and Boch. The cast iron grates embedded in the floor are part of the underfloor heating. Under the grates are iron pipes through which warm water was led. This type of heating was considered ultra-modern at the time, but the heating effect was not sufficient for the large castle rooms.